Soaps,  Tutorials and recipes

How to make homemade soap

How to make homemade soap

These homemade cold process soap recipes are very simple… so they are perfect for when you’re starting out in soapmaking. They will allow you to add scents and colourants to your liking! And why not try adding flowers for decoration or an exfoliant?!

We really like this recipe: it yields a soap that is neither too hard nor too soft and that lathers up nicely.

Understanding superfatting in cold process soap recipes

If you make a lot of soap, you’ll often come across the idea of superfatting. If you make a lot of soap, you’ll often come across the idea of superfatting. Soap is produced when lipids (oils and butters) react with sodium hydroxide. The amount of sodium hydroxide needed in a recipe is carefully calculated based on the saponification value of each oil and butter. Adding additional lipids (superfatting) means that a percentage of lipids are not saponified in the final product, producing a soap that’s gentler on skin. The norm is 5% superfatting and it should not exceed 10%. It can be determined with the help of a calculator.

There are two techniques for superfatting.

  • Superfatting by adding lipids at trace: a quantity of oil or butter is added when trace is reached.
  • Superfatting by reducing sodium hydroxide: a a percentage of the oils/butters will not react with the sodium hydroxide (will not saponify). This is the technique we use here.

Ingredients

Recipe number 1

Oil and butter mixture
Sodium hydroxide solution
A combination of essential oils or aromatic essences (optional)
Colourants (optional)
Additives (optional)

Recipe number 2

Oil and butter mixture
Sodium hydroxide solution
A combination of essential oils or aromatic essences (optional)
Colourants (optional)
Additives (optional)

Steps to follow

Find instructions for making cold process soap here.

This recipe for cold process soap can be doubled or tripled (or more!).

If you’d like to have all these ingredients together, along with a complete guide to help you through the steps, why not try one of our kits?

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